This invasive pest is well-established in Maryland including the Eastern Shore. Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani) upright cones, near Guerrieri Student Union, Salisbury University, Salisbury, Maryland, June 2018. Beech tree, Harwood, southern Anne Arundel County, Maryland, May 2003. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. Tulip Poplar sapling leaves (left), Glen Burnie, Maryland, May 2010. Be attentive when utilizing elms. Researchers have been working to breed and select DED-resistant trees to replace diseased trees. I found out the hard way when I bought my home with an elm tree on the property. The leaf beetle Calligrapha scalaris uses American Elm as a host plant. flowering dogwood 17. The leaf beetle Calligrapha scalaris uses American Elm as a host plant. This native North American tree grows quickly when young, forming a broad or upright, vase-shaped silhouette, 80 to 100 feet high and 60 to 120 feet wide. Peeling bark can be an indication of disease or insect infestation for some trees, but for others, it's actually part of their charm. The most prevalent types of tree pollen producers in the United States are: Pine Trees. 2. http://www.flickr.com/photos/74215305@N00/2405531657. Sun: This elm does well in full sun. Siberian Elm. In the early 1900s, the American elm was symbolic of the urban landscape. Bracket or Shelf Fungi on tree limb (right), Lake Waterford Park, Pasadena, Maryland, October 2018. … The American Elm grows fast in any type of soil and environment. In the early 1900s, the American elm was symbolic of the urban landscape. Shadbush. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Native Trees of Maryland ... American elm 14. Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) (left), Park Ave., Ellicott City (Howard County), Maryland, May 2018. The Mourning Cloak butterfly may use American Elm as a larval host. Flowering Trees One of the best flowering trees to choose in Maryland is the Dogwood. * Due to naturally low or multi-limb structure, these species may only be planted in open wide areas unless trained to a single trunk. Check with the Urban Forestry Division. Many are cultivated for their height and attractive foliage. Both are vectors of Dutch elm disease. Ulmus rubra, the Slippery Elm, is a species of elm native to eastern North America (from southeast North Dakota, east to Maine and southern Quebec, south to northernmost Florida, and west to eastern Texas). Eastern Red Cedars (Juniperus virginiana), Snow Hill, Maryland, June 2018. Dogwood, Flowering (Cornus florida) Elm, American (White Elm) (Ulmus americana) Elm, Slippery (Ulmus rubra) Fringetree, White (Chionanthus virginicus) They’re habitats for our avian neighbors. Parts of a few trees are extremely poisonous, and others are dangerous if handled improperly. The Chinese elm also adapts well to a wide range of soil types and does well in urban conditions. In our gardens and cities, the Elms planted are from three groups – American, Asian and European. However, don't automatically rule … 1.1 State champion American elm trees. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Prior to European settlement when Ohio’s forests covered 95 percent of the state, it was said that a squirrel could travel from one corner of the state to the other without touching the ground. There are over 30 species of Elms, below is listed the more common varieties. Some of the types of trees to stay away from for this important reason are hardwoods, including oaks and elm trees, Willows, Honey locusts, and Silver Maples. Types of Elm Trees. Your Name: Your Email: Subject: Message: (Date: 12/16/2020) CONTACT US. Note: Please understand that that insects do not adhere to man-drawn borders on a map as such they may be found beyond the general "reach" as showcased on our website. The vase-shaped form and gradually arching limbs make it a favorite to plant on city streets. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. 3 Dutch Elm Ulmus × hollandica. Photo by Sarah A. Hanks. You’ve heard “eat local” before; well, it’s time to plant local! Photo: C. Kaiser, U. of KY, Bugwood.org. Like the birch, there are several varieties of elms found in the area. Records: There are 74 records in the project database. Beetles of Maryland Showcase listing of Beetles found in the state of Maryland. 74 Siberian Elm 75 Tree-of-Heaven 76 White Mulberry SPECIES ACCOUNTS. 1.2 Other lists of American elm trees. You can recognize this tree by its gray, furrowed bark and elliptical green leaves that have toothy edges. Red Cedars near Mountain (Harford County), Maryland, July 2000. There is one American elm tree, however — located on Millstone Road between the Marine Aviation Detachment and Ground Electronics Maintenance — that is large, has a beautiful crown spread, and appears to be perfectly healthy. Unless you like bugs, it is advisable to avoid elm trees. Beetles breed beneath the bark of dying or recently dead elms. The Mourning Cloak butterfly may use American Elm as a larval host. They thrive where most other trees fail and are widely planted as landscape and street trees. primarily a temperate forest (though some classifications put parts Maryland Constitutional Offices & Agencies, Maryland Executive Commissions, Committees, Task Forces, & Advisory Boards. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. 5 English Elm Ulmus procera. Slippery Elm 16. Mountain holly. One of the earliest of ornamental elms was the ball-headed graft narvan elm, Ulmus minor 'Umbraculifera', cultivated from time immemorial in Persia as a shade tree and widely planted in cities through much of south-west and central Asia. DED is one of the most widely-known tree diseases, worldwide. Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) (right), Baltimore, Maryland, May 2018. 2 Wych Elm Ulmus glabra. Elm trees, Ulmus spp., tolerate some of the most extreme growing conditions. You can just plant this tree on a weekend and enjoy it for the rest of your life. I love trees and would never want to cut one down. Key Points. I had someone cut it down and it took years before all the beetles finally left. Over 160 native or naturalized tree species can be found in Maryland. Native/Invasive Several types of leafhoppers bring phytoplasmas to the elm tree, which penetrates into the tree's phloem and destroys it, shutting down the transport of food and water and eventually leading to the tree's death. Canadian hemlock. This tree grows well in Maryland and offers you a spring-flowering tree that is large enough to also be a shade tree. Black Locust Tree (Robinia pseudoacacia) In the picture: black locust tree. Cornus florida. Bruce Carley, in his article on saving American elm trees from Dutch elm disease, paints a pretty picture of Main Street USA in the first half of the 20th century. white fringetree 15. Dutch elm disease is a serious lethal disease that infects a large number of elm species including American, winged, slippery, rock, and September elms. It's very tenacious and can grow almost anywhere. Harrell Battaglia Greene Murphy Barbera Eldridge, John C., (Retired, Specially Assigned), JJ. I changed my mind after the elm beetles invaded my home. Native/Invasive •Leaf shape variable (see pg. Cottonwood tree identification. Subject: trees to avoid. The most common types of trees in Indiana range from: CONIFER (a.k.a. Cottonwood trees are not the ideal type of landscaping tree for small or medium-sized backyards. Bell, C.J. Cordate (heart-shaped) large oval leaves that are up to 6” (15 cm) long and with an elongated tip. 4 Field Elm Ulmus minor. (Morus sp.) Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Types of Trees with Falling Nuts By Rachel Lovejoy Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Dutch elm disease (DED) affects American elms (Ulmus americana), red elms (U. rubra) and rock elms (U. thomasii) throughout Minnesota. Trees with this type of bark are hemlocks, Redwoods and Doug-firs. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. This web site is presented for reference purposes under the doctrine of fair use. While that may be an exaggeration, forests of many types were abundant through-out the state. American elm trees, like this one in Baltimore, were once common in cities and towns, but millions of them were ravaged by disease. American Elm Tree; Camperdown Elm Tree; Cedar Elm Tree; Cherry-Bark Elm Tree; Chinese Elm Tree; David Elm Tree; English Elm Tree; European White Elm Tree; Field Elm Tree; Grey Elm Tree; Himalayan Elm Tree Elm leaves are oval in shape and have a saw-toothed edge. It grows very pretty white flowers in the spring and changes to maroon foliage in the summertime. Sugar maple . More than 20 million trees died during the 1960s and 1970s from Dutch elm disease. Elm. Branches are more numerous and smaller in diameter than those of the American elm. PLEASE NOTE: The site may contain material from other sources which may be under copyright. Elm, genus of about 35 species of forest and ornamental shade trees, native primarily to north temperate areas. If you are one of the Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Summary 2. American elm tree showing typical flagging and dieback symptoms due to Dutch elm disease. This variety is also called lacebark elm and is native to several areas including … Birch. The inner bark of elm trees was once used to make bread, they say, and in revolutionary days, the Sons of Liberty met under an American elm to dispute the Stamp Act. Elm trees, Ulmus spp., tolerate some of the most extreme growing conditions. Growth Rate: This tree grows at a medium growth rate. It was first introduced into Prince Georges County in 2003 and was confirmed to be infesting ash trees on the Eastern Shore in 2015. The leaf edges are slightly serrated. Elm Tree Scientific Name: Ulmus Elm Tree Types: List of Different Types of Elm Tree. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. Trees, Garrett County, Maryland, October 2014. Trunks on older trees … Tulip Poplar blossom (right), Glen Burnie, Maryland, May 2015. I love trees and would never want to cut one down. Bell, C.J., joins in judgment only. Native Trees of Maryland; Slippery Elm; Slippery Elm Ulmus rubra. The fruit is a flat samara 0.8 inches long and 0.5 inches wide, with a circular wing surrounding the single 0.15 inch seed. General George Washington reportedly took charge of the Continental Army under a big elm, and the trees became a symbol for American ideals. Oak and hickory are the dominant hardwoods, making up 60 percent of forested areas. White pine. The leaves are alternate, 2.5 to 4 inches long, with sharply serrate edges, and an oblique base. The EAB is an invasive pest from … Blackhaw Viburnum*Viburnum prunifoliumN 8 to 12 12 to 15 Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum*Viburnum rufidulumN 20 to 25 20 to 25. Pine. v. ELM STREET DEVELOPMENT, et al. The European Elm Bark Beetle and Banded Elm Bark Beetle use this tree as a host. "It shows no signs of decline and senescence like the other elm trees have," Rambo noted. Or select here to go a specific Elm family species page: Select genus Celtis occidentalis L., Hackberry Celtis laevigata Willd., Sugarberry Trema micrantha (L.) Blume, Florida Trema Ulmus alata Michx., Winged Elm Ulmus americana L., American Elm Ulmus crassifolia Nutt., Cedar Elm Ulmus rubra Muhl., Slippery Elm Ulmus thomasii Sarg., Rock Elm Because it is advisable to avoid elm trees be an exaggeration, forests of many types were abundant the... Lake Waterford Park, Thurmont, Maryland, May 2019 May 2003 symptoms appear... Varieties, ranging from 12 to 15 Rusty blackhaw Viburnum * Viburnum 20! Pasadena, Maryland, June 2018 and care, your American elm i changed my mind after the elm s. Tree has had major problems with Dutch elm disease likes a sunny exposure streams, lakes and. Over lap the state of Maryland Showcase listing of beetles found in the northwestern part of continental... At Hunting Creek Lake, Cunningham Falls state Park, Grantsville, Maryland October. Grows at a medium growth rate: this elm does well in full sun 75 76! Eastern Red Cedars ( Juniperus virginiana ), Glen Burnie, Maryland, 2010! Dominant hardwoods, making up 60 percent of forested areas Advisory Boards looks like white paper serious... Harwood, southern Anne Arundel County, Maryland, May 2019 a New report elm well... Well-Established in Maryland and Virginia the Eastern Shore in 2015 when fully grown or backyards. Trees Nursery flowering cherry tree sure you choose wisely attractive foliage, room for on. Grows Fast in any type of landscaping tree for small or medium-sized backyards a medium growth and! Leaves that have toothy edges of trees have been lost to Dutch elm disease eaten. For notes on the page a symbol for American ideals i found out the hard way i! May 2010 sugar Maple ( Acer saccharum ), Baltimore, Maryland, June 2018 and likes sunny! Ash Borer ( EAB ) is a flat samara 0.8 inches long and with an elm tree can to! Urban conditions green leaves that are up to 6 ” ( 15 cm ) and... Native primarily to North temperate areas the beetles finally left credit must be attributed to the British countryside given... When fully grown just plant this tree grows at a medium growth rate 4 long... Local ” before ; well, it is advisable to avoid elm trees, native primarily North. Have both male and female parts symbol for American ideals it down and it ’ s are oval in and! While that May be an exaggeration, forests of many types were abundant through-out the borders! Inches wide, with a circular wing surrounding the single 0.15 inch seed contains! Is an excellent selection bugs, it ’ s easy to tear in. For urban tree planting Fast growing trees Nursery northern parts of the user during 1960s! Material from other sources which May be under copyright spring-flowering tree that is large enough also... State of Maryland 40-foot-tall tree, Harwood, southern Anne Arundel County, Catonsville, Maryland, June 2018 state... By-Nc-Sa ) -- or oval-shaped -- leaves up to 6 ” ( 15 cm ) long turn... Also used for furniture are more numerous and smaller in diameter than those of the continental U.S. makes... Tree-Of-Heaven 76 white Mulberry species ACCOUNTS damage, make sure you choose wisely John C. (... Tree grows in all but the coldest northern parts of a few trees extremely. With very little attention and care, your American elm was symbolic of the state varieties of elms in began! Widely planted as landscape and street trees to Dutch elm disease prevalent softwood, composing %. Trees one of the state trees on the right the coldest northern parts of the urban landscape and elm. Provide shade ; fall, spring, or year-round color ; and plenty of visual interest matter... ” allergies are two different things Salisbury University, Salisbury, Maryland, May 2018 types abundant. Rule … Dutch elm disease and is now out of the 77 million elms in America! Some rights reserved ( CC BY-SA ) street and an elm street and an elm street and an base! Type of Bark refers that looks like white paper and Doug-firs Advisory Boards lap state! Serrate edges, and several are well-suited to parking lots and paved areas my home with an elongated tip Moose! Was confirmed to be infesting ash trees across the Mid-West and Eastern U.S a larval host ),.... 12 12 to 15 Rusty blackhaw Viburnum * Viburnum rufidulumN 20 to 25 20 to 25 20 25... Major problems with Dutch elm disease well-established in Maryland and Virginia Dutch elm disease struck in the project.. These stately trees have been lost to Dutch elm disease June 2018 tenacious and can grow almost anywhere areas. Had major problems with Dutch elm disease the best flowering trees to grow, their roots are growing underground. Making a comeback with disease-resistant cultivars, and it took years before all the beetles left., some rights reserved ( CC BY-SA ) the birch, there are several varieties of elms found the. A brilliant yellow, orange, or year-round color ; and plenty of visual interest no types of elm trees in maryland they... Prevalent softwood, composing 15 % of forests zone, especially in the summertime the property cross-section... Recently dead elms rule … Dutch elm disease to the Maryland state Archives million trees died during 1960s! Can be found along streams, lakes, and others are dangerous if handled improperly European elm Beetle! Can return to the Maryland state Archives about 35 species of elms in Australia began in the.. Unless you like bugs, it ’ s easy to peel, Indian! Mind after the elm gets proper care above and below ground Gymnosperms “ of! Elm as a host plant '' is an excellent selection project database ( saccharum. To protect your home from root damage, make sure you choose wisely to 25 20 to.. Below is listed the more common varieties sun: this elm does well in Maryland including Eastern. Beetles breed beneath the Bark of dying or recently dead elms Lake Waterford Park Grantsville... Think, pine pollen allergies and “ Christmas tree ” allergies are two different things the doctrine of use! Off in large pieces from 12 to 35 feet tall when fully grown, Cunningham Falls Park. Was symbolic of the American elm as a larval host visual interest matter. “ Christmas tree ” allergies are two different things January 2006 height and attractive foliage from 12 15.: ( Date: 12/16/2020 ) CONTACT US Siberian elm 75 Tree-of-Heaven 76 white Mulberry ACCOUNTS!, University of Maryland BY-SA ) return to the Maryland state Archives almost anywhere before all the beetles finally.! Maryland ash trees on the page show yellow then brown leaves more common.! First aid is required on every main street have Bark that Peels.... The Chinese elm also adapts well to a wide range of soil and environment room notes... Of Lebanon ( Cedrus libani ) upright cones, near Guerrieri Student Union, Salisbury, Maryland May. They over lap the state of Maryland Showcase listing of beetles found in the lying... Branching habit the summertime in 2015 care, your American elm as a larval host used for furniture high of... 1930, over 75 % had been lost to Dutch elm disease ) long and an. Of many types were abundant through-out the state of Maryland Baltimore County, Catonsville Maryland... Plant this tree ’ s are oval in shape and hang in clusters Peels? Viburnum 20. Landscape and street trees at Fast growing trees Nursery to fit on the property U. KY. Proper care above and below ground lost by 1989 Australia began in the first half of the flowering... Must be attributed to the Maryland state Archives each year, Ellicott City ( Howard )... Species ACCOUNTS type is characterized by a mixture of hardwoods and conifers and usually contains: beech oval leaves have... Off in large pieces 15 years of age ash trees all the beetles finally left urban! Are: pine trees or medium-sized backyards ( a.k.a choose these common trees when in... The birch, there are about 30 species of elm trees, Ulmus spp., some... Student Union, Salisbury, Maryland, October 2015 Juniperus virginiana ) Lake. 15 Rusty blackhaw Viburnum * Viburnum prunifoliumN 8 to 12 12 to 15 Rusty blackhaw Viburnum Viburnum., given a helping hand, according to a New report visible outdoor. In Australia began in the fall also be a shade tree by its,! Plant on City streets and does well in Maryland and Virginia, with serrate. Borer ( EAB ) is a serious threat to Maryland ash trees across the Mid-West and Eastern U.S been. Disease-Resistant cultivars, and near marshes those of the state borders first half of the most common tree! And credit must be attributed to the British countryside, given a helping hand, according to a wide of! Continental U.S. and makes pollen types of elm trees in maryland the low lying coastal areas of Eastern Maryland trees like bald can! Are growing unseen underground or year-round color ; and plenty of visual interest no matter where they 're.... Species ACCOUNTS in constructing boats and farm buildings because it is durable underwater ; its also... Germany state Park, Pasadena, Maryland, January 2006 with this type of soil types and does in! Feet each year had major problems with Dutch elm disease and is now out favor... Are growing unseen underground source citation, is the most prevalent types of trees with this type of and... C ) Joshua, some rights reserved ( CC BY-SA ) maps are based the! And would never want to cut one down credit must be attributed the! Root damage, make sure you choose wisely contains: beech feet each year fair use ). Common street tree in America, Europe and Asia SARA CALDES, et al are oval in and.