Chamaeleon.  This segment is towards the rim of the galaxy. Covering 615 square degrees, it ranks twenty-fourth of the 88 constellations in size. It faded to magnitude 13 around 30 years after its peak brightness. She was chained to a seaside rock as a sacrifice to stop the sea monster Cetus from ravaging the Aethiopian coast and destroying the country. Around 750 light-years from Earth, it is a blue-white supergiant 26–27 times the radius of the Sun and 47,000 times its luminosity. Located north of the celestial equator, this constellation is part of the family of Perseus, Cassiopeia, and Cepheus. AX Persei is another binary star, the primary component is a red giant in an advanced phase of stellar evolution, which is transferring material onto an accretion disc around a smaller star.  Dàlíng (大陵), the Great Trench, was the fifth paranatellon of that house, representing the trenches where criminals executed en masse in August were interred.  It is very difficult to observe visually because its low surface brightness makes it appear dimmer than most other emission nebulae. In 1981, the original Clash of the Titans retold Perseus and Andromeda’s story, and was remade in 2010, with Andromeda appearing in the sequel, Wrath of the Titans. There are additional constellations located within the Andromeda galaxy that are related to this legendary princess. Beta Persei Aa1 has around 317% of our Sun’s mass, 273% of its radius, and it is 182 times brighter than our Sun. It has an apparent magnitude of 4.04.  DY Persei itself is a carbon star that is too dim to see through binoculars, with an apparent magnitude of 10.6. In Neo-Assyrian Babylonia (911 to 605 BC), the constellation of Perseus was known as the Old Man constellation – SU.GI. Psi Persei is a B-type main-sequence star that has around 470% of our Sun’s radius, thus it is more than five times bigger. Nu Persei is a yellow-white hued F-type star, located at around 560 light-years away from us. In the sky, Perseus and Andromeda are near one another, with Andromeda’s parents Cepheus and Cassiopeia, the monster Cetus, and the winged horse Pegasus, also being close to these constellations. It is a member of the Perseus Cluster (Abell 426), a massive galaxy cluster located 76.6 million ly (23.5 million pc) from Earth. The Perseid meteorite shower, the most impressive in the sky, does not actually come from the constellation Perseus but is the rubble left behind from the Comet Swift-Tuttle, the supposed parent of the Perseids. It has an apparent magnitude of 7.82, which varies down to magnitude 10.0. Andromeda is most prominent during autumn evenings in the Northern Hemisphere, along with several other constellations named for characters in the Perseus myth. Ethiopia’s role in the story of the Almighty God; Maaza Mengiste’s “The … There are also two meteor showers associated with the constellation of Perseus, the Perseids, and the September Perseids. Algol is one of the first non-nova variable stars to be discovered, and its variability gives its name to a class of eclipsing variable stars, known as Algol variables. Discovered on 21 February 1901 by Scottish amateur astronomer Thomas David Anderson, it peaked at magnitude 0.2—almost as bright as Capella and Vega. 48 Persei is spinning so fast that it is enveloped by a circumstellar disk of dust. It can be seen with the naked eye under the right conditions. Because of its northern decli… It is around 300 km / 186.4 mi per second. Both clusters are of approximately magnitude 4 and 0.5 degrees in diameter. The primary star, Beta Persei Aa1, is the most luminous star, and hotter than Beta Persei Aa2. Menkhib’s ultraviolet light makes it 263,000 times brighter than our Sun, and it also contributes to the fluorescence of the California Nebula / NGC 1499, located in the Perseus constellation. It matches the Maori description of a blue-white star near Aldebaran but does not disappear as the myth would indicate. Gorgonea Secunda, designated as Pi Persei, is an A-type main-sequence star located at around 303 light-years away from us. The constellation Andromeda can be seen at latitudes …  The brightest component is a blue-white main-sequence star of spectral type B8V, which is 3.5 times as massive and 180 times as luminous as the Sun. The primary star, Gamma Persei A, has around 270% of our Sun’s mass, and it is cooler than our Sun, having temperatures of around 5,170 K. The secondary star, Gamma Persei B, has 165% of our Suns mass, and it is hotter, with temperatures reaching 7,895 K. Delta Persei is a double star located at around 520 light-years away from our Solar System. 3C 83.1B, also designated as NGC 1265, is a Fanaroff and Riley class 1 radio galaxy, and it is a member of the Perseus Cluster.  It is a semiregular variable star of the Mu Cephei type, whose apparent magnitude varies between 3.3 and 4.0 with periods of 50, 120 and 250 days.  It is the principal member of the NGC 1023 group of galaxies and is possibly interacting with another galaxy. Mirfak is a supergiant F-type star, similar to Procyon A, and its spectrum has served as one of the anchor points by which other stars are classified since 1943. Incorporating stars from the northern part of the constellation, it contained Mu, Delta, Psi, Alpha, Gamma and Eta Persei. Misam, designated as Kappa Persei, is the brightest star in a triple star system located at around 112.7 light-years away from us. Its main asterism consists of 19 stars.  With an apparent magnitude of 6.72, it is too dim to be seen with the naked eye even in perfectly dark conditions. Andromeda is one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century Greco-Roman astronomer Ptolemy and remains one of the 88 modern constellations. Area: (79th) Symbolism: The chameleon. Perseus can be seen at latitudes between +90o and -35o, and it is best viewed during the month of December. , GRO J0422+32 (V518 Persei) is another X-ray binary in Perseus.  The stars are not visible to the naked eye; SU Persei, the brightest of the three, has an apparent magnitude of 7.9 and thus is visible through binoculars. The Nine Planets has been online since 1994 and was one of the first multimedia websites that appeared on the World Wide Web. It nebula is named California since it transits in the zenith in central California as the latitude matches the declination of the object. Basic information about Andromeda. It has a distinctive shape that resembles a house. Perseus returned triumphantly with Andromeda to the island of Seriphos, where he found his mother and Dictys sheltering in a temple from the tyranny of King Polydectes. This star is more than three times hotter than our Sun, with temperatures reaching 17,490 K. The constellation of Perseus contains many interesting deep-sky objects, apart from the aforementioned Messier Objects, there are the NGC 869 and NGC 884 globular clusters, the California Nebula, the reflection nebula NGC 1333, the Perseus Molecular Cloud, the spiral galaxy NGC 1023, the lenticular galaxy NGC 1260, or The Perseus Cluster of galaxies. It has a combined apparent magnitude of 4.06, and it consists of a blue main-sequence star and a hot subdwarf star. Four Chinese constellations are contained in the area of the sky identified with Perseus in the West. It has around 149% of our Sun’s mass, 4,400% of its radius, and it is 561 times brighter than our Sun. GRO J0422+32 is an X-ray nova and black hole candidate that was discovered in 1992. It has a combined apparent magnitude of 5.49. S Persei is a red supergiant or hypergiant star located near the Double Cluster in Perseus, situated at 7,900 light-years away from us. Andromeda constellation, the Chained Woman, is a northern constellation sitting above constellation Pisces, between constellation Pegasus and constellation Perseus. . Because of this, it is surrounded by a circumstellar disk of dust that extends to more than 11 times the star’s radius. Barnard. It has around 1,350% of our Sun’s mass, 766% of its radius, and it is 28,330 times brighter than our Sun. Misam is also similar in age to our Sun, being 4.58 billion years old. Messier 34, also designated as NGC 1039, is an open cluster located at around 1,500 light-years away from us. It’s designation “Aurigae” was a simple mistake back from when it was first cataloged. Take an interactive tour of the solar system, or browse the site to find fascinating information, facts, and data about our planets, the solar system, and beyond. Its helium has been fused into heavier elements and its core is composed of carbon and oxygen. This star is also a fast spinner having a rotational velocity of around 90 km / 55.9 mi per second. Perseus, the demigod son of Zeus and Danae, was one of the greatest of all Greek heroes. The Little Dumbbell and California nebulae are located within the Perseus constellation. The constellation is named after the legendary Greek hero Perseus, who beheaded the monster, Medusa. Perseus and Andromeda wed. Years later he accidently killed his grandfather, Acrisius, with an errant discus throw. The star is located at around 580 light-years away from us.  NGC 1333 is a reflection nebula and a star-forming region. It was named after the hero Perseus in Greek mythology. NGC 1333 is a reflection nebula located at around 967 light-years away from us. , Algol (from the Arabic رأس الغول Ra's al-Ghul, which means The Demon's Head), also known by its Bayer designation Beta Persei, is the best-known star in Perseus. NGC 869 has a mass of around 3,700 solar masses, while NGC 884, is at around 2,800 solar masses. It is a yellow main sequence star of spectral type G0V. Cassiopeia: The Most Beautiful Constellation To The Night Sky. Andromeda Constellation Andromeda is one of the oldest and most widely recognized constellations that shows up in the northern hemisphere and is a part of the family of Perseus, Cepheus, and Cassiopeia. It has an apparent magnitude of 5.6. It has an apparent magnitude of 3.80, similar to Misam / Kappa Persei. , GK Persei, also known as Nova Persei 1901, is a bright nova that appeared halfway between Algol and Delta Persei. Perseus rescued Andromeda by using Medusa’s head to petrify Cetus, he then turned Polydectes and his followers to stone as well and appointed Dictys, the man who raised Perseus since he was young, the fisherman king. The best time to observe the stars and deep-sky objects in Perseus is during the month of December when it is the most prominent in the night sky. In Polynesia, Perseus was not commonly recognized as a separate constellation; the only people that named it were those of the Society Islands, who called it Faa-iti, meaning "Little Valley". It has a combined apparent magnitude of 3.83. With a redshift of 0.0179, Abell 426 is the closest major cluster to the Earth. The constellation of Perseus is part of the Perseus family of constellations, along with Andromeda, Auriga, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Cetus, Lacerta, Pegasus, and Triangulum. It spans over 30 degrees of the Zodiac in the Sign Aries and Taurus, and contains 9 named fixed stars. It is named after the legendary Greek hero, Perseus.  DY Persei is a variable star that is the prototype of DY Persei variables, which are carbon-rich R Coronae Borealis variables that exhibit the variability of asymptotic giant branch stars.  He turned Polydectes and his followers to stone with Medusa's head and appointed Dictys the fisherman king. Gorgonea Quarta, designated as Omega Persei, is an orange-hued evolved K-type giant star, located at around 288 light-years away from us. Perseus is also bordered by Aries and Taurus to the south, Aurigato the e… The name Perseus is derived from the Greek word “pertho” – which means “to destroy”. It is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1). AG Persei is another Algol variable in Perseus, whose primary component is a B-type main sequence star with an apparent magnitude of 6.69. Gamma Persei is a Double star, although the two components do not eclipse each other the... 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